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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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states or confederations which would express themselves through their own
chosen representatives,, the whole making a council of great states and groups
of states.
" It is my earnest hope, though I can hardly expect to see it fulfilled in
my lifetime, that we shall achieve the largest common measure of the in-
tegrated life of Europe that is possible without destroying the individual
characteristics and traditions of its many ancient and historic races. All
this will, I believe, be found to harmonise with the high permanent interests
of Britain^ the United States and Russia. It certainly cannot be accom-
plished without their cordial and concerted agreement and direct parti-
cipation. Thus, and thus only, will the glory of Europe rise again."
Churchill " earnestly hoped " that such a solution—a federation of
Europe, the Council of Europe, would harmonise with the interests of
the Big Three Powers,, that is, of Russia as well! But was Russia in
agreement with this opinion ? Throughout the entire life of the Soviet
regime, there had been a strongly-expressed unfriendly attitude towards
Britain as " the head of world capitalism " and the main enemy of
Communism. Stalin had frequently emphasised that Britain was the
antithesis of Russia. To quote for instance, his words at the XIV
Congress of the Party :—
" There are being created two principal, but polar, centres ... in the
world. The Anglo-American for the bourgeois governments, and the Soviet
Union for the workers of the West and the revolutionary East. England
attracts by her riches, from it one can obtain credit; the Soviet Union
attracts by its revolutionary experience."
As leader of the Soviet State, Stalin's hatred of England was no less
than the hatred which his opponent had not so long ago presented towards
Soviet Communism.
" English capitalism," claimed Stalin, " was, is, and will be the most
vicious strangler of popular revolutions . . . The English bourgeoisie has
always stood in the front ranks of those who crushed liberating movements
of mankind.
ce The Soviet people will never forget the violations, robberies and mili-
tary invasion which were inflicted on our country a few years ago by the
grace of English capitalists."*
And now in 1943, those English Capitalists, through the medium of
Winston S. Churchill, were propounding their idea of a c federation of
Europe.5 But, from the very first hour when the Soviet leaders had
emerged as the conquerors of Moscow and entered the Kremlin, they had
vigorously fought against the realisation of any such idea. They saw the
road to a Soviet-Communist victory lay in the disruption of the existing
governments and the pulverising of every nation in Europe and the
world ; while the idea of a smaller or larger federation of states could only
mean for them the strengthening of the anti-Communist group. Thus
Moscow's policy was for glorifying the quasi-federation in the Soviet
Union3 while violently opposing by threat, intrigue, diplomatic pressure
and propaganda,, not only the attempts, but even the thoughts of an
attempt at such federation among the States between the Baltic and the
* Stalin, J., " On the Menace of War," Pravda, July 22nd, 1927.